Co-hosted by PAPAC and IFPRI | September 29 and 30, 2015
New Africa Hotel, Dar es Salaam, Tanzanite Room
Climate change poses substantial challenges to the growth of agricultural production. Sustained growth is instrumental to enhance food availability and combat hunger. Growth in the agriculture sector is estimated to reduce poverty three times faster than growth in any other sector. Without proper adaptation and mitigation measures, losses in crop and livestock productivity are expected to offset the rate of gain from technological and management improvements (Lobell and Gourdji, 2012). Ex-ante analyses undertaken by IFPRI (Nelson et al., 2010) find that staple-food prices could rise by 42-131 percent for maize, 11-78 percent for rice, and 17-67 percent for wheat between 2010 and 2050 as a result of climate change, as well as changes in populations and economic growth. The IPCC Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) projects that under optimistic, lower-end, scenarios, climate change could reduce food-crop yields in parts of Africa between 10 and 20 percent (WG I and WG II). These expectations raise important questions related to economic development and food security in most developing countries.
During the Twenty Third Ordinary Session of the AU Assembly in Malabo, Equatorial Guinea, in June 2014, the Heads of State and Government (HS&G) of the African Union adopted a Declaration on Accelerated Agricultural Growth and Transformation for Shared Prosperity and Improved Livelihoods (known as the “Malabo Declaration”). The Malabo Declaration contained seven key commitments comprising the 2025 vision and goals of Africa Accelerated Agricultural Growth and Transformation (3AGT). The sixth commitment focused on Enhancing Resilience of Livelihoods and Production Systems to Climate Variability and other related risks. In order to make good on these promises, rapid action is required. Such action will draw from new tools and techniques to build resilience to climate and weather-related risks, commonly referred to as Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA). CSA is comprised of agricultural systems that contribute to the outcomes of: 1) sustainable and equitable increases in agricultural productivity and incomes, 2) greater resilience of food systems and farming livelihoods, and 3) reduction and/or removal of greenhouse gas emissions associated with agriculture (including the relationship between agriculture and ecosystems), where possible. The agricultural production systems created through CSA methodologies and practices are expected to be not only more productive and efficient, but also increase resilience to short-, medium- and long-term shocks and risks associated with climate change and climate variability.
CSA in the context of African nations aims to achieve triple wins by simultaneously:
- boost productivity, sustainable yields, and incomes of small farmers;
- improve vulnerable populations’ adaptation and capacity for resilience to the effects of climate change and other stresses that cannot be avoided; and
- reduce net greenhouse gas emissions and capturing carbon, where conditions allow and compatible with (a) and (b) [so less adaptation will be needed down the road].
Alternatively, the new African CSA Alliance expresses this as:
- enhance food security by sustainably increasing the reliability and productivity of agricultural livelihood activities;
- increase smallholder resilience and adaptation to the likely effects of climate change; and,
- where appropriate, and in the interest of smallholder farmers, reduce greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture and improved carbon sequestration.
This workshop provides an opportunity for IFPRI’s CSA analysis team to take stock with local partners and institutions around the fast moving CSA landscape and present their preliminary results on the potential of climate smart technology adoption in Tanzania. Geospatial data, combined with modeling frameworks and scenarios used in the analysis will be presented and discussed. The workshop will consist of discussion and hands-on use of the new tools and technologies, along with introduction to the software Tableau. As a result of the workshop, PAPAC will eventually host a CSA platform as a means of building and retaining this information to strengthen local capacity in country. This is the first workshop of this kind in Tanzania for IFPRI and PAPAC. The goal is to build from this group of experts, under PAPAC’s leadership, a longer-term partnership with capacity in CSA research to manage and use the new tools and technologies.
During this technical workshop we will:
- Look at CSA with regard to national level planning;
- Discuss CSA in the context of other land uses;
- Review and use new software to help manage CSA data;
- Provide application from Colombia and Vietnam with preliminary results for Tanzania;
- Explore institutional collaboration including South-South learning opportunities; and
- Establish the ground work for a CSA platform to be hosted by PAPAC.
Tuesday, September 29th – Setting the Stage with Preliminary Findings
- 8:30 – Arrival and registration (J. Mnzava and P. Lugendo)
- 9:30 – Welcome (S. Mlote, and Deputy Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Agriculture Food Security and Cooperatives, Eng. R. Daluti)
- 9:45 – Introductions, Agenda and Workshop Objectives (K.W. Platais, facilitator)
- 10:00 – Overview on the Climate Change in Tanzania and the initiatives in place – setting the stage for deeper engagement (S. Natai, Ministry of Agriculture Food Security and Cooperative, Environment Unit; C. Ndomba, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries Development)
- 10:30 – Part I: CSA 101 (A. De Pinto).
Providing an overview of the basic concepts and coverage of key research findings and technologies for the workshop, Q and A from participants
- 11:00 – Group Photo + Coffee Break
- 11:15 – Part II: Review where Tanzania is going by 2050 with an exercise in using Tableau for climate change scenarios (J. Koo)
- 12:30 – Lunch
- 1:30 – Part III: Promising CSA Technologies and their potential impact (J. Koo).
- 3:00 – Coffee Break
- 3:30 – Case Studies: What have we learned from other countries? (A. De Pinto)
- 5:00 – Summary of the Day (S. Mlote and K.W. Platais)
- 5:30 – Adjourn
Wednesday, September 30th — Day for Discussions, Demos and a Deeper Dive
- 9:00 – Reflections from Day 1 (S. Mlote)
Summary from Day 1, Sharing reflections and discussion by:
– Joseph Kihaule (Vice President Office)
– Prof. Amos Mujule (IRA, UDSM)
– Eng. James Ngeleja (NEMC)
– Dr. Jumanne Abdallah (SUA)
– Michael Jerila (TAHA)
- 10:00 – Session on Tools and Technologies: Demonstrations and a Deeper Dive on applications
Hands-on exercise using Tableau to visualize potential CSA and technology impact (J. Koo)
- 11:00 – Coffee Break
- 11:30 – Analysis of preliminary results for Tanzania (A. De Pinto)
- 12:30 – Lunch
- 1:30 – Building a Coalition in Tanzania on CSA and Establishing a CSA Platform at PAPAC – what will it take? (IFPRI and PAPAC team)
What is required to deliver on national level policy change? Lessons drawn from other countries and stock taking of the process required to bring similar results to Tanzania.
Discuss the capacity needs for a CSA platform of this nature to be hosted by PAPAC. What is needed from the different Ministries to participate? How do we share information across partners? The role of the Universities in helping to strengthen the web-based platform.
- 3:00 – Coffee
- 3:30 – Small Group Discussion with Guided Questions (Rapporteurs assigned)
Break into 4-5 assigned groups, based on areas of expertise, to brainstorm and explore what will be needed in Tanzania to put in place the next steps
- 4:30 – Return to Plenary with Quick Reports
- 5:00 – Next Steps and the Way Forward (S. Mlote and K.W. Platais)
- 5:30 – Closing Remarks and Adjourn (Acting Director of Policy and Planning, Ministry of Agriculture, D. Biswalo)
- MAFC EMU 2015 – Climate Change in Tanzania – Overview and Initiatives in Place (29 Sep)
- IFPRI (Alex) 2015 – CSA Introduction (29 Sep)
- IFPRI (Tim Thomas) 2015 – Tanzania GCM Summary by Region
- CCAFS 2015 – Which GCMs to use?
- IFPRI 2015 – Climate Projection Data for Tanzania (Annual, Region).twbx
- IFPRI (Jawoo) 2015 – CSA Technologies (29 Sep)
- IFPRI (Alex) 2015 – LEDS Tanzania (29 Sep)
- IFPRI 2015 – CSA Modeling Results for Tanzania (Country-level).twbx
- HarvestChoice 2014 – Geospatial Targeting – SAGCOT Rice Irrigation Expansion.twbx
- HarvestChoice 2014 – Geospatial Targeting – UDP in Ghana.twbx
- HarvestChoice 2015 – Maize Intensification Opportunity Assessment in Songea, Tanzania.twbx
- HarvestChoice 2013 – Geospatial Targeting – Rhizobium Inoculant in Mozambique.twbx